U.S. tax day arrives late with IRS behind on millions of returns
Monday brings a close to what tax advisers have dubbed the “never-ending tax season,” with the IRS scrambling to cope with repeated changes in law that offered just a foretaste of the challenges to come — with President Joe Biden pressing for a raft of higher levies and stepped-up audits.
Since the start of the pandemic, Congress authorized three rounds of stimulus checks, temporary expansions to tax credits and deductions, and repeated rule changes on the treatment of loans sent to small businesses. Special unemployment benefits were also distributed, with lawmakers later revising their tax treatment.
The most recent changes were enacted in March, barely a month before the traditional April 15 deadline for filing individual returns. Under pressure from legislators, Internal Revenue Service Commissioner Chuck Rettig agreed to extend the due-date to May 17.
With IRS staff also having to operate under the strictures of the pandemic over the past year, more than 8 million individual returns were awaiting manual review as of early April. Some 5.3 million 2019 and 2020 paper returns are also awaiting processing.
For tax preparers, the pace of recent months is a sampler of the intensity that will be looming if Democrats succeed in boosting income and capital-gains tax rates as Biden has proposed.
“We tried hard to eat, sleep and dream the tax laws” this season, said Steve Rossman, a certified public accountant at Drucker & Scaccetti.
The May 17 deadline only applied to individual tax returns — Form 1040 — and didn’t include other types, such as estates. Quarterly taxes due from many small business owners and self-employed individuals were also unchanged. At the state level, there were wildly varying approaches in extending due dates.
More Americans turned to professional preparers this tax year, amid the changes. The number of electronically submitted returns completed by professionals is up nearly 11%, while self-prepared returns fell nearly 6%, according to IRS data.
They also faced difficulties getting IRS advice. Agency staff had answered only about 2% of the roughly 75 million taxpayer calls to the IRS’s 1040 telephone line during the filing season as of mid-April, according to the IRS Taxpayer Advocate Service.
Meantime, the consequences for making a mistake could rise.
Biden’s proposals call for an extra $80 billion to boost IRS enforcement efforts, in an attempt to reverse a years-long trend of falling audit rates and recoup unpaid tax dollars — which Rettig told a congressional committee last month could approach $1 trillion annually.
Increasing the IRS’s enforcement efforts has some bipartisan support, though Republicans have expressed skepticism on the scale of the White House’s initiative.
“Unleashing tens of thousands of new IRS agents on families, farms and businesses is not the answer,” Representative Kevin Brady, the top Republican on the House Ways and Means Committee, told reporters Thursday. While “there may well be a need for additional auditors,” Brady said he wants to see more data from the IRS on tax evasion.
In any case, tax professionals are advising clients to prepare for a higher likelihood of getting probed by the IRS in the future, after a decline in audit rates over the past decade. Individual tax returns faced a 0.15% audit rate in 2019, compared with 1.1% in 2010, according to IRS data.
“It’s clear that audit rates are going to go up,” Ian Comisky, a partner at law firm Fox Rothschild, “The IRS is going to get more enforcement dollars.”